Black History Month Celebration - Black Inventors
Lewis Howard Latimer (September 4, 1848 – December 11, 1928) was an American inventor and patent draftsman for the patents of the incandescent light bulb, among other inventions. His house is located near the Latimer Projects in Flushing, Queens.
U.S. Patent 147,363 "Improvement in water-closets for railroad-cars" (with Brown, Charles W.), February 10, 1874
U.S. Patent 247,097 "Electric lamp" (with Nichols, Joseph V.), September 13, 1881
U.S. Patent 252,386 "Process of Manufacturing Carbons", January 17, 1882
U.S. Patent 255,212 "Supporter for electric lamps" (with Tregoning, John), March 21, 1882
U.S. Patent 334,078 "Early Air Conditioning Unit Apparatus for cooling and disinfecting", January 12, 1886
U.S. Patent 557,076 "Locking rack for hats, coats, and umbrellas", March 24, 1896
U.S. Patent 968,787 "Lamp fixture" (with Norton, William Sheil), August 30, 1910
Boykin improved the pacemaker and made everyday electronic devices, such as the television and computers, more efficient and affordable. Background: Boykin was born in Dallas, Texas. He attended Fisk College in Nashville, Tenn., and continued his education at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.
How Marie Van Brittan Brown Became an Inventor
Marie Van Brittan (1922-1999) was born and raised in Jamaica, Queens. She became a nurse, who like most nurses, did not work regular 9-5 hours. Her husband, Albert Brown, was an electronics technician. When she was home alone at odd hours of the day or night, she sometimes felt concerned. The crime rate in their neighborhood had increased, and everyone in the neighborhood knew that police response time in their area was notoriously slow. Marie wanted a way to feel less vulnerable.
Working with her husband, Albert, the two began devising a home security system. One issue that bothered Marie was having to answer the door to identify a visitor. Soon they had a plan for a motorized camera that was attached to a cabinet added to the door. The camera could move up and down to take views through four separate peep holes. The top spot would reveal the identity of a tall person; the lowest one would show if a child was at the door. The other peep holes could capture any person between these two heights.
Garrett Morgan—traffic light, gas mask
Born in Kentucky in 1877, Morgan is the inventor of something many utilize everyday, the traffic signal. He created this after witnessing so many accidents on busy urban intersections. In addition to this, he created the gas mask which grew in popularity when it was used to aid workers after an underground explosion.
Apr 2, 2014 — Patricia Bath Biography. (1942–2019) Updated: Jan 7, 2021 Original: Apr 2, 2014. Patricia Bath was the first African American to complete a residency in ophthalmology and the first African American female doctor to receive a medical patent. She invented the Laserphaco Probe for cataract treatment in 1986.
Date of death: May 30, 2019
Thomas L. Jennings was the first black man to receive a patent. The patent was awarded on March 3, 1821 (US Patent 3306x) for his discovery of a process called dry-scouring which was the forerunner of today's modern dry-cleaning. Jennings was born free in New York City, New York in 1791.